Libyans have begun voting in the country’s first free national elections in over four decades amid violence by federalist protesters who disrupted the vote in several districts.
Polls opened at 8am local time on Saturday and will close at 8pm (1800 GMT) as the interim government, represented by the National Transitional Council (NTC), declared election day and Sunday national public holidays for voters to exercise their civic duty.
Acts of sabotage, mostly in the east of the country, prevented 101 polling stations from opening on Saturday, the electoral commission's chairman said.
"Ninety-four percent of polling stations opened," Nuri al-Abbar told reporters in Tripoli, with voting underway in 1,453 out of 1,554 centres.
"Some of the polling stations were not opened. Because of security reasons, logistical materials haven't reached them," he said.
On Friday, a helicopter carrying election material from Libya's eastern city of Benghazi was shot at in mid-flight, fatally wounding a member of Libya's High National Election Committee (HNEC) logistics team onboard.
The 2.8 million registered voters will elect a 200-seat General National Conference (GNC) that will replace the unelected interim government that has ruled the country after the revolution against Libya’s ousted leader Muammar Gaddafi.
Public service commercials on how the voting process works were running on TV to support voters ahead of the elections. A large majority of Libyans will be going to the polls in the first time in their lives.
At the Taquddum School voting station in downtown Tripoli, a long line queued up at the female entrance to the facility, as people sought to beat the midday heat, expected to reach 44 degrees Celsius on Saturday.
"People don't really know what's coming, as it's a first time for everyone," our correspondent said. "But voters are patiently waiting and excited."
The 3,700 candidates - 2,500 of whom are independent, the rest belongs to political parties - had until Thursday evening to reach out to voters, as the HNEC declared Friday a "cool-off day" ahead of the vote.
On Friday, many Libyans in Tripoli had been undecided about which candidates to support. Some say they would use the weekend’s family gatherings to make a final decision.
“I have it down to two political parties. I will either vote for Hizb al Watan [National Party] or the Tahalof al Qiwa Al Wataniya [Alliance of National Forces] of [former prime minister Mahmoud] Jibril,” Manal El Miladi, a 23-year-old medical student from Tripoli, said.
"I will vote for them of what they wrote in the their [campaign] programme. For the individual candidate race, I also still need to choose between two candidates."
Huda Muftah, 25, another medical student, said she made up her mind: “I am voting for [the party of] Jibril because he is what Libya needs in these times.
“He is a very educated man with good international connections, plus he has a good plan about what we need in the near future - from all sides. So, for me he is the man of this phase,” she said.
The new assembly will appoint a new cabinet and a prime minister, but will not choose the committee that would draft the country’s first constitution.
The key responsibility to appoint the constitutional committee was stripped away from the assembly by NTC decree on Thursday in a last-minute move to appease the eastern protesters who demand more autonomy for their region.
The mood has been tense in Libya’s second city, Benghazi, and other cities and towns in the eastern Cyrenaica region, where federalist groups vowed to boycott and even violently disrupt the vote.
Many residents of eastern Libya feel the distribution of seats in the General National Conference favours the west of the country.
The critics say this is a continuation of the alleged marginalisation of their region that they say started decades ago under Gaddafi’s rule.
The NTC has allotted seats in the GNC according to population, a democratic principle that is viewed with mistrust by the less-populated east.
Federalist protesters in Benghazi broke into the local election offices on Sunday and ransacked them. On Thursday, protesters set fire to a warehouse in the eastern city of Ajdabiya where ballot papers and other campaign material were stored.
All material was lost in the fire, forcing the High National Election Committee to print new ballot papers in Dubai. An official said the group "could only hope" that everything could be replaced before Saturday morning.
Tribal clashes in the country’s isolated Kufra region in the far south have prevented election observers to visit the district, making it unlike that the vote will proceed there.
When polls close on Saturday evening, the Libyan Air Force will assist with collecting the ballot papers from across the vast county and bring them to a counting centre in Tripoli, the HNEC said.
It is almost impossible to predict the outcome of the vote, as Libya is hardly familiar with pre-election opinion surveys or exit polls, but it seems likely that the Justice and Construction Party, widely considered being the political arm of the Muslim Brotherhood, will gain substantial influence in the assembly.
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|William A. Cook|
|Timothy V. Gatto|