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Iraqi forces advance on ISIL-held Rawa in Anbar

Fighters believed to be holding 10,000 civilians hostage in Euphrates Valley town of Rawa as they lose nearby villages.

The Rawa operation

Iraqi forces have launched an offensive to capture one of the last remaining areas under ISIL control in the country.

Two Iraqi infantry divisions and Sunni tribal forces are carrying out the operation in Anbar province.

It is believed ISIL fighters are holding 10,000 civilians’ hostage in the town of Rawa.

Iraqi forces seized several villages from ISIL, or the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant group, on Saturday in an operation to retake Rawa, the operation's commander said.

The Euphrates Valley town and nearby villages were bypassed by government troops and allied paramilitaries when they retook the town of al-Qaim on the Syrian border last week.

But on Saturday, troops backed by paramilitaries recruited among the region's Sunni Arab tribes "launched a major offensive to liberate Rumana and the Rawa area", General Abdelamir Yarallah said.

He later said they had "retaken Rumana and its bridge on the Euphrates" along with 10 other villages.

Rumana is on the north side of the Euphrates just across from al-Qaim, while Rawa, a small town, lies downstream.

Final battleground

Rawa is the last town still held by ISIL, also known as ISIS, apart from Albu Kamal, just across the Syrian border.

Haider al-Abadi, Iraq's prime minister, said on Saturday the Rawa operation aims to "clean open areas in the desert" of western Iraq.

The recapture of Rawa would mark the final battleground defeat of the group in Iraq and the demise of the "caliphate" declared by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in 2014 over large expanses of Iraq and Syria.

Syrian government forces and allied paramilitaries from Lebanon, Iraq and Iran overran Albu Kamal on Thursday but lost the town again just two days later after a series of ISIL attacks.

controls

"ISIL fully recaptured Albu Kamal, and regime forces and allied militia are now between one to two kilometres from the city limits," Rami Abdel Rahman, head of the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, said on Saturday.

Against this backdrop, Abadi said on Saturday that losses from the war against ISIL has cost Iraq $100bn so far.

"Iraq has lost $100 billion in the anti-Daesh war, but we have achieved success in three battles; namely liberating the land, maintaining Iraq's unity and standing up to the threats," Abadi said during a speech, using the Arabic name for ISIL.


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