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UN Security Council to weigh resolution on Jerusalem

Draft resolution following Trump's declaration is unlikely to pass, facing a probable veto by the US.

UN Security Council

The UN Security Council is expected to vote on Monday on a draft resolution regarding the status of Jerusalem, less than two weeks after US President Donald Trump declared the city Israel's capital. 

Trump made the announcement on December 6, also saying at the time that the US would be moving its embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

The leaked Egyptian-drafted resolution, however, does not mention the United States by name, saying it "deeply regrets recent decisions regarding the status of Jerusalem".

It affirms "that any decisions and actions which purport to have altered, the character, status or demographic composition of the Holy City of Jerusalem have no legal effect, are null and void and must be rescinded in compliance with relevant resolutions of the Security Council".

READ MORE: UN resolutions on occupied East Jerusalem

The text also calls on all UN member states not to move their diplomatic missions to Jerusalem.

Unlikely to pass

The resolution, however, is widely expected to face a US veto, which would render it futile. 

The Security Council consists of five permanent members: China, France, Russia, the UK and the US, as well as 10 non-permanent members. A veto from any of the five permanent members would block the resolution from passing. 

Hanna said that there may be efforts by the Palestinians and Turkey to take the issue to the UN General Assembly if the US vetoes the resolution. 

"It would appear that that veto is likely to happen with Israel's enthusiastic backing, which describes the resolution as a Palestinian attempt to reinvent history, despite the fact that it is routed on UN resolutions as they stand at present," added Hanna.

Mass rallies

Trump's declaration fueled widespread anger and protests within Palestine and across the world, with the latest and largest demonstration taking place on Monday in the Indonesian capital Jakarta, where some 80,000 people rallied outside the US embassy in the city. 

Since the decision, nine Palestinians have been killed and more than 1,900 people have been injured in protests in the occupied territories. 

Due to Jerusalem's importance to the three Abrahamic religions - Islam, Judaism, and Christianity - the city's status has long been the main sticking point in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. 

After occupying the city's eastern part in the 1967 War, Israel annexed the territory. In 1980, it proclaimed it as its "eternal, undivided capital."

READ MORE: Trump's Jerusalem move: Key questions answered

Israel's control and sovereignty over the city is not recognised by any country in the world and, as of now, all embassies in Israel are based in Tel Aviv, although some countries have based their consulate offices in Jerusalem. 

The Palestinian leadership in the West Bank, however, see East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. 

They have warned that any change to the status quo would mean the end of the peace process premised on a two-state solution. 

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